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Causes and Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is an abnormal, rapid heart rhythm that can escalate risk of heart failure, stroke, and some other heart-related problems. When a person’s heart doesn’t beat normally, doctor applies cardiac electrophysiology to find out the reason for the uneven rhythm. Electrical signals normally travel through the heart in an even pattern. Aging, heart attacks, and high blood pressure may result to scarring of the heart. These conditions may cause the heart to beat in a fast, irregular pattern.

Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation

The most appropriate atrial fibrillation treatment depends on how long the patient had atrial fibrillation, how disturbing the symptoms are as well as the underlying cause of the condition.

In general, the objectives for treating this heart condition are the following:

  • Prevent blood clots
  • Lessen the risk of strokes
  • Reset the beat or control the rate


The strategy that the cardiologist Sydney chooses will depend on numerous factors, including whether the patient has other heart problems and if the patient is able to take medications that can regulate the heart rhythm. In some instances, the patient may require more invasive treatment including surgery or medical procedures using catheters.

Resetting heart’s rhythm

The doctor may apply cardiac electrophysiology to determine the reason of irregular heartbeat. In order to correct atrial fibrillation, doctors may reset the patient’s heart to its regular rhythm using a medical procedure called cardioversion, considering the underlying cause of the condition and how long the patient have had it.

Maintaining a regular heart rhythm

After electrical cardioversion, doctors may prescribe anti-arrhythmic medicines to help avoid future episodes. Patient may be prescribed medicines to control heart rate and bring it back to a normal rate.

Surgical procedures and catheter

Sometimes cardioversion or medications to regulate this heart condition doesn’t work. In those instances, doctors may recommend another arrhythmia treatment such as a medical procedure to destroy the part of heart tissue that initiates the erratic electrical signals and restore the heart to a regular rhythm.

Prevention strategies

Patient may be required to make lifestyle modifications to improve the overall heart health, especially to avoid or treat health conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure. Doctors may suggest some lifestyle changes such as engaging in regular physical activity, avoiding excessive amount of caffeine and alcohol, and consuming a heart-healthy diet, low in saturated fats, salt, trans fats, and cholesterol. All of these assist in the prevention of heart disease, and will aide keep the circulatory system of the body in the best condition.

Guard your heart, and don’t take it for granted. Consult

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